Bodybuilding is a sport characterized by the practice of intense physical exercise, generally anaerobic, consisting mostly of weight lifting, performed in gyms, and that pursues a body as defined, bulky and muscularly possible. It is also called bodybuilding or bodybuilding and should not be confused with weightlifting or other sports in which heavy weights are used.

This sport has its first manifestations in figures of cave paintings that already used hand weights to perform jumps or exercises in order to increase their strength. These are behaviors that are primarily digested to the development of force or its size, with the aim of survival as a clear purpose.

Its most historically based development can be found in Classical Greece, where the human body obtained a cultural relevance that has reached today. The bodybuilder or muscularly overdeveloped athlete can be observed in multiple representations, Hercules, Laoconte, friezes with warriors etc …

Competition. In bodybuilding competition, bodybuilders perform mandatory poses in front of a jury, which assigns scores and awards such as Mister Universe or Mister Olympia. Basically what they do in competition is divided into two rounds, the first or precompetition are made 4 poses of symmetry and 7 obligatory poses of bodybuilding to determine the degree of development, definition, size, symmetry and proportions, in addition to the aesthetics to resolve the scores. The second part is called Final or Free Time, 5 finalists are left who each have a minute of music to perform a choreography of free poses. After the two rounds it is passed to offer a total score.

Bodybuilding is a lifestyle that by analyzing it under the aspect of maintaining a habit of life based on physical exercise and a healthy diet, can be very healthy. During the years in which bodybuilding spread through Europe and the USA, in the forties and fifties there were many anonymous practitioners, where health and binestar were their main objective. Acquiring large muscle masses was complicated, with little knowledge of diets and training principles. But bodybuilding taken to the extreme could degenerate into important psychopathological disorders such as musculodismorfia or vigorexia, although this is very rare and only occurs in a few cases barely without greater significance than the sensationalism of journalists who only seek to revile this sport.

Bodybuilding is the process of developing muscle fibers through the combination of weight lifting, increased caloric intake and rest.

To achieve extraordinary muscular development, bodybuilding focuses on three basic lines of action:

Weight lifting against resistance: Weight training causes muscle damage. This is known as microtrauma. These small muscle injuries contribute to the fatigue experienced after exercise. The repair of microtraumas is part of muscle growth (hypertrophy). Training routines based on series and repetitions are normally used for bodybuilding training.

A high quality diet incorporating additional proteins: Growth and repair, however, can not happen without adequate nutrition. A bodybuilder has higher protein requirements than those of a sedentary person to repair the damage caused by weight training. In addition to proteins, carbohydrates are very important for the energy input during training. The proportions that are usually recommended at the nutritional level are:
60% of Carbohydrates
30% protein
10% fat
An appropriate rest to facilitate growth. Without adequate rest and sleep the body finds no opportunity to rebuild and repair the damaged fibers. It takes at least eight hours of rest for a bodybuilder to be in good condition in the next training session.

Some bodybuilders use steroids, drugs that can markedly increase muscle mass. Steroid abuse can cause negative side effects. In addition to steroids, other types of doping drugs are also administered, such as diuretics, insulin, growth hormone, gonadotropic hormone analogues, sympathomimetics, …

Although it was started as a sport exclusively for men, in the 80s the woman began to compete in separate competitions. Women who practice bodybuilding tend to provoke a certain social rejection, due to cultural preconceptions about femininity. This fact has generated that this modality is renamed again by a term that appeared in the 80’s where greater importance is given to female forms than to the size and definition itself. Starting in the nineties, female bodybuilding is known competitively as fitness and, more recently with the new millennium, by Bodyfitness or Figuras. This is: closer to the image of femininity that society usually understands as acceptable.

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